Journal cover Journal topic
Solid Earth An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
Journal topic

Journal metrics

Journal metrics

  • IF value: 2.380 IF 2.380
  • IF 5-year value: 3.147 IF 5-year
    3.147
  • CiteScore value: 3.06 CiteScore
    3.06
  • SNIP value: 1.335 SNIP 1.335
  • IPP value: 2.81 IPP 2.81
  • SJR value: 0.779 SJR 0.779
  • Scimago H <br class='hide-on-tablet hide-on-mobile'>index value: 32 Scimago H
    index 32
  • h5-index value: 31 h5-index 31
Volume 7, issue 2
Solid Earth, 7, 397–414, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-7-397-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Solid Earth, 7, 397–414, 2016
https://doi.org/10.5194/se-7-397-2016
© Author(s) 2016. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

Review article 10 Mar 2016

Review article | 10 Mar 2016

Soil indicators to assess the effectiveness of restoration strategies in dryland ecosystems

Edoardo A. C. Costantini1, Cristina Branquinho2, Alice Nunes2, Gudrun Schwilch3, Ilan Stavi4, Alejandro Valdecantos5, and Claudio Zucca6 Edoardo A. C. Costantini et al.
  • 1Consiglio per la ricerca in agricoltura e l'analisi dell'economia agraria, Agrobiology and Pedology Research Centre, Firenze, Italy
  • 2Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental changes, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Lisbon, Portugal
  • 3Centre for Development and Environment (CDE), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
  • 4Dead Sea and Arava Science Center, Yotvata 88820, Israel
  • 5Centro de Estudios Ambientales del Mediterráneo (CEAM), Valencia, Spain and Dep. Ecologia, Universidad de Alicante, Alicante, Spain
  • 6International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Amman, Jordan and Dipartimento di Agraria & Desertification Research Centre (NRD), University of Sassari, Sassari, Italy

Abstract. Soil indicators may be used for assessing both land suitability for restoration and the effectiveness of restoration strategies in restoring ecosystem functioning and services. In this review paper, several soil indicators, which can be used to assess the effectiveness of ecological restoration strategies in dryland ecosystems at different spatial and temporal scales, are discussed. The selected indicators represent the different viewpoints of pedology, ecology, hydrology, and land management. Two overall outcomes stem from the review. (i) The success of restoration projects relies on a proper understanding of their ecology, namely the relationships between soil, plants, hydrology, climate, and land management at different scales, which are particularly complex due to the heterogeneous pattern of ecosystems functioning in drylands. (ii) The selection of the most suitable soil indicators follows a clear identification of the different and sometimes competing ecosystem services that the project is aimed at restoring.

Publications Copernicus
Download
Short summary
The success of restoration projects relies on a proper understanding of the relationships between soil, plants, hydrology, climate, and land management at different scales, which are particularly complex in drylands. Several soil indicators, which can be used to assess the effectiveness of restoration strategies in dryland ecosystems at different spatial and temporal scales, are discussed from different viewpoints of pedology, ecology, hydrology, and land management.
The success of restoration projects relies on a proper understanding of the relationships...
Citation