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Solid Earth An interactive open-access journal of the European Geosciences Union
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Volume 8, issue 6
Solid Earth, 8, 1193-1209, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Solid Earth, 8, 1193-1209, 2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Research article 19 Dec 2017

Research article | 19 Dec 2017

Hierarchical creep cavity formation in an ultramylonite and implications for phase mixing

James Gilgannon et al.
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Cited articles  
Bauer, R. and Wilsdorf, H.: Void initiation in ductile fracture, Scripta Metall., 7, 1213–1220,, 1973.
Behrmann, J.: Crystal plasticity and superplasticity in quartzite; A natural example, Tectonophysics, 115, 101–129,, 1985.
Behrmann, J. and Mainprice, D.: Deformation mechanisms in a high-temperature quartz-feldspar mylonite: evidence for superplastic flow in the lower continental crust, Tectonophysics, 140, 297–305,, 1987.
Billia, M. A., Timms, N. E., Toy, V. G., Hart, R. D., and Prior, D. J.: Grain boundary dissolution porosity in quartzofeldspathic ultramylonites: Implications for permeability enhancement and weakening of mid-crustal shear zones, J. Struct. Geol., 53, 2–14,, 2013.
Caristan, Y.: The transition from high temperature creep to fracture in Maryland diabase, J. Geophys. Res.-Solid, 87, 6781–6790,, 1982.
Publications Copernicus
Short summary
We examine rocks from the middle crust to explore how fluids circulate and influence a rock’s response to larger-scale tectonic movements. A model is developed in which fluids deep in the Earth migrate to clusters of pores generated during those movements. We document how distinct pores form in a specific order in association with local changes in how quartz deforms. The porosity evolves out of the deformation, changing the rate the rock moved under tectonic forces.
We examine rocks from the middle crust to explore how fluids circulate and influence a rock’s...