Solid Earth (SE) is an international scientific journal dedicated to the publication and discussion of multidisciplinary research on the composition, structure, and dynamics of the Earth from the surface to the deep interior at all spatial and temporal scales. SE also publishes papers on soil system sciences; however, these papers are limited to the topic of pedogenesis.
We compute a velocity model of the crust and uppermost mantle of Southern North America, Mexico and the Caribbean. We use a recent technique based on 'ambient noise’ – or continuous seismic records – and a traditional one using earthquakes. Both techniques, together with the increased number of seismic stations in the region, allow us to obtain greater resolution than previous works. Some of its applications are to localize regional earthquakes and simulate ground motions.
B. Gaite, A. Villaseñor, A. Iglesias, M. Herraiz, and I. Jiménez-Munt
Predicting the effects of pyrogenic organic matter (OM) addition (either natural or intentional as in the case of biochar amendment) on soil chemistry and crop yields has been hampered by a lack of understanding of how pyrogenic OM evolves in the environment over time. This work compared the physicochemical characteristics of newly made and 15-month-field-aged biochars and biochar–soil mixtures.
A. Mukherjee, A. R. Zimmerman, R. Hamdan, and W. T. Cooper
The aim of this paper is to evaluate biochar effects on field decomposition of crop residue, using plots that were amended with biochars made from different plant-based feedstocks and pyrolysis platforms in the fall of 2008.
S. L. Weyers and K. A. Spokas